container/conditioning/packing

TERMINOLOGY TC
FLAT CONTAINER
GENERAL PURPOSE
INSULATED CONTAINER
OPEN SIDES CONTAINER
OPEN TOP CONTAINER
OPEN TOP CONTAINER
REEFER CONTAINER
TANK CONTAINER
OPEN BOLTED CRATE
TREMINOLOGY CRATES
OPEN CRATES
OPEN NAILED CRATE
SHEATHED CRATE
SHEATHED CRATES
METAL DRUM
STANDARD ISPM 15
SHIPPING MARKS
OUTER PACKAGING
FCL / LCL

Container/Packing/Marking

Containers (see slides above)

 

Starting in the sixties, containerization became a necessity for transport between regions.

 

Owing to its standard characteristics, interchangeability and sturdiness permitting
repeated use, the container is the common denominator of surface transport.


FCL/FCL: You stuff the container with your cargo, you seal it & then it is sent directly to your customer overseas, without being opened (except for random examination by customs)


LCL/LCL: Your cargo is not sufficient for a full container load, entrust to your nearest forwarding agent. Your cargo will be stuffed in a container, together with others shipper’s cargo for the same destination.

 

FCL/LCL: You have several lots which represent the total volume of one or several containers for the same destination, either you stuff them in a container and dispatch it by a merchant’s haulage.

 

LCL/FCL: You are waiting for cargo from various suppliers in the same country overseas. Ask your suppliers to deliver it to the same Container Freight Station where it will be stuffed ans deliver it at your consignee’s premises.

 

Packaging: (see slides above)

Three kinds of packaging:

Items packaging (means to pack goods individually: can, tin, bottle, brick, small bag…etc) Shall be carried out for the transportation for individual products

 

Inner packaging (means internal packaging to be placed within the outer packaging in
consideration of the protections of goods against water, moisture, light, heat & shock)

Outer packaging: (means outside packaging, putting goods in cases such boxes, bags,
barrels, & bundling…)

1° Wooden box (enclosed), applied to a product requires waterproof, moisture proof, rust prevention

2° Open crate (timber, steel), applied to a product requires only local waterproofing
or no waterproofing but has a fear of being damaged by contact with others items or requires protection by crate in handling, transportation & storage.

3° Skill base (skid or skid assemblies), applied to a product which can bear rain and water

4° Tying bundling, applied to a simple shape product which can endure rain & water

5° Steel drum, applied to a liquid or powder product.

6° Wooden drum applied to electric wires, cables, wire ropes…etc

7° Nacked (no packaging), applied to a product can bear rain & water

8° Shrink packaging, applied to packaging of heat or cool insulation materials

 

Marking: (see slides above) 

 

1° Shipping marks: in general consist od such description as customer’s name, destination, its nationality, weight, shipping dimension (length x breadth x height), package n°, place of production & its nationality. Besides of each
side panel of package, shall be printed clearly & thickly with black oily ink by using patterns. The letter shall be of vertical roman letter which has a suitable size may be clearly distinguished.

2° Instruction marks: For package requires special cautions in its handling or instructions concerning the storing site.

- Warning mark shall be printed in red colour, on both end panels.

- Sling marks shall be printed at lifting places on both side panels in red colour

- Gravity marks for a freight which is 5 tons or more in gross weight or is 5 meters or more in length in red colour on both side panels

- Storing marks, printed in blue colour on both side panels

 

Treated packing:
Some countries require that wood packaging be treated as Standard ISPM 15 (see slides above)